Cystocele is a medical condition which results in the prolapse (protrusion) of the bladder into the vagina.
This can occur when the upper portion of the anterior vaginal wall droops down and protrudes out of the vaginal canal in some cases. Apart from this, the urethra may also collapse along with the lower 1/3rd of the anterior vaginal wall, which is then known as urethrocele. This condition results in stress incontinence.
What are the grades of Cystoceles?
Cystocele is classified into progressing grades according to the severity of the drooping vaginal wall, such as:
- Grade 1 – mild – when the bladder droops only a short way into the vagina
- Grade 2 – more severe – when the bladder has sunk into the vagina far enough to reach the opening of the vagina
- Grade 3 – most advanced – when the bladder bulges out through the opening of the vagina